Understanding Plantar Fasciitis: How Heel Pain Can Be Alleviated?

Heel Pain Can Be Alleviated With Proper Footwear

On the bottom side of your foot, there exists a band of thick connective tissue which supports the arch of your foot. This band of tissue is known as the plantar fascia. It runs from the heel bone through the bones of the midfoot, to the bones of the toes. The plantar fascia may become affected in a painful degenerative process that often leads to the formation of a heel spur. This condition is known as plantar fasciitis, the jogger’s heel, or plantar fasciopathy. There are many ways to deal with the persistent irritation, but the most important is that the Plantar Fasciitis Pain can be alleviated with proper footwear.

The Main Causes of Plantar Fasciitis

The onset of plantar fasciitis has been attributed majorly to feet that have high arches or flat feet. It is also attributed to overuse of the fascia. Overuse may result from occupations that require extended and repeated long periods of standing while on the job. Overuse is also linked to sports such as running, especially when the runner uses improper footwear. Long distance runners are thus said to be at a higher risk of suffering from the problem. To fix this problem you need the  shoes with the best plantar fasciitis support for whatever activity you are doing, such as tennis, hiking, running, or just walking.

Aging and obesity are other probable causes of the joggers’ heel disorder. Obesity or being overweight tends to create a harmful pressure to the extremities, of which the fascia of the feet is inclusive. The increase in a strenuous exercise involving the feet can also expose you to a higher risk of acquiring the disorder.

The Symptoms

Understanding Plantar FasciitisThe main symptom in plantar fasciitis is pain that occurs in the bottom of the heels. The pain is normally sharp and is said to be worst after waking up from sleep or after long periods of standing or sitting which makes walking and running painful so make sure you have the right footwear. Occasionally, swelling, tightness and numbness of the heels and surrounding parts may occur. This may be accompanied by stiffness of the fascia, where clicking noises may be heard during movement. The range of movement of the heel is extremely reduced in more severe cases. As one seeks to relieve these symptoms wearing proper footwear can help alleviate Plantar Fasciitis Pain.

Detection and Diagnosis

Diagnosis of Plantar fasciitis includes a physical examination by a qualified physician, where the history of the patient is of great importance. Here a detailed history of any injuries, illnesses and symptoms affecting the feet or other related parts are established. Occupational and lifestyle information is also important in diagnosis. In many severe cases, and to rule out other causes of the disorder, other tests such as radiographic scanning, blood tests, and differential diagnosis may be conducted. Electromyography is sometimes done to evaluate the extent of nerve damage if any.

Treatment Options and Proper Footwear

Physical therapy is an important approach in the treatment of plantar fasciitis. It relieves pain, and improves blood flow through the plantar fascia, thus facilitating the healing process. Calf muscle stretching is also important in the reduction of stiffness. In some cases, therapy may involve the application of ice, heat and even having enough rest to further improve function. In severe cases, surgery may be conducted.

Other treatments include administration of drugs such as corticosteroids, along with other procedures such as iontophorensis, radiotherapy, and extracorporeal shock therapy and plantar fasciitis pain alleviated with proper footwear. There are numerous types of shoes out there on the market, comfortably padded and well designed to provide the foot with enough support in order to rid heel pain. If you suffer from heel pain, avoid walking barefoot and choose the right footwear for your feet.